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|Calatheas are the most gorgeous flowers of the Marantaceae family. Besides the lovely colorful flowers, the foliage of Calatheas is also very attractive, coming in varied shapes and patterns.|
The blue and white Calathea flower looks like a small vertical football of glacial ice. Calatheas are one of the easy to grow tropical flowers. Calathea flowers are pollinated mainly by bees and other bugs. Hummingbirds eat the Calthea fruit and disperse the seeds around the forest. Calathea flowers bracts come in various shapes - from Listening Beehive shape flower bracts to Rattlesnake Tail shape.
All Calatheas belong to the maranta family-Marantaceae. Calathea genus includes about twenty five species. Calathea are native to tropical Americas. Many Calathea species are popular house plants, and commonly called Prayer Plants or Zebra Plants. Typically tropical, Calathea need heat and humidity and shade from direct sunlight. Each night, Calthea Prayer Plants leaves fold together upwards, mimicking human hands folded in prayer! Calathea leaves are pleated ovate and dark green.
Calathea insignis, also called Rattlesnake Plant, has tapering, narrow, erect foliage, yellow green with lateral ovals, alternately large and small, with maroon underside. Calathea makoyana, Peacock plant, comes with oval shaped leaves with opaque, olive green lines and oval areas alternately short and long, in a translucent field of yellow green. The underside of the leaf is purple red color.
Calathea roseo-picta grows elliptical leaves, in a dark green upper surfaceand purple underside, red midrib, and a red zone fading to pink near the margin. Dark green Calathea louisae leaves are broadly ovate, with light green splotches along the midrib and have a purple underside.