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|Did you know?The bright yellow flowers of the lesser celandines open during the morning times - from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and they get closed during the night time.|
Ranunculus ficaria, commonly known as lesser celandine, Pilewort or fig buttercup, is a low-growing bulbous perennial herb. The word celandine is taken from the Greek word chelidon, meaning swallow. The Celandines are found throughout Europe.
Celandine is a common name for two species of flowers: They are Greater Celandine, which belongs to poppy family, and Lesser celandine, belonging to Ranunculus family. Celandines are seen as a thick carpet of gold where they are abundant.
The Celandine flowers have eight glossy, butter-yellow petals, arranged in a rosette form and are seen singly on delicate stalks rising above the leaves. The outer petals are 8-10 and inner petals are paired. And the centre of the flower has tiny flowers, which are very inconspicous. The Celandine flowers bloom in March and April.
The celandine has several devices for propagation. Celandine flowers ripen into seed heads, but fertilization is poor. Since celandines are perennials they die back each year. The roots, bulbs, and tubers live and grow under the soil. These tubers store all the required energy for the plant through winter. When the spring comes, these tubers give out new leaves and flowers. Thus the celandine flowering plant spreads.