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Chrysanthemum comes from Greek word 'Chrys' meaning golden (the color of the original flowers), and 'anthemon', meaning flower. This name was given to it by Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish naturalist who is also known as the father of modern taxonomy.
The Chrysanthemum flowers bloom in various forms, and can be daisy-like, decorative, pompons or buttons. Chrysanthemum blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes and in a wide range of colors. In addition to the traditional yellow, other popular colors are white, purple, and red.
|Chrysanthemums have a wealth of meaning associated with them and therefore they are very popular as florist flowers.|
The Chrysanthemum flower symbolizes fidelity, optimism, joy and long life.
Each Chrysanthemum flower head is actually a cluster of many flowers, composed of a central group of short disk flowers surrounded by rings of longer ray flowers. Chrysanthemums are classified into nine categories according to the type and arrangement of disk and ray flowers - Incurved, Reflexed, Intermediate, Late Flowering Anemones, Singles, Pompons, Sprays, Spiders/Spoons/Quills, Charms and Cascades. For example, the 'reflexed' Chrysanthemum consists of ray flowers that curve downward into an umbrella shape; the 'quill' has tubular ray flowers that radiate from the center of the head.
Different Species of Chrysanthemums
|Scientific Name||Common Name||Common Uses|
|C Segetum||Corn Marigold or Corndaisy||Ideal plant for a wild flower meadow or natural planting scheme.|
|C Carinatum||Tricolor Daisy||Leaves are edible and flowers are cultivated as beds.|
|C Coronarium||Crown Daisy||Medicinal use, used in conjunction with black pepper for treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea.|
|C Maximum||Shasta Daisy||The Chrysanthemum is excellent as a ground cover or border plant since the foliage is attractive and remains green all year.|
|C Majus||Alecost||The Alecost Chrysanthemum flower petals are used for conserves and leaves are used as flavoring in soups.|
|C Multicaule||Yellow Daisy||Grown in small pots or combined with other plants in larger containers.|
|C Parthenium||Fever Few||A popular, though dubious headache remedy|
|C Morifolium||Florist´s Chrysanthemum||The Chrysanthemum is ideal for growing in beds and pots|
|C Coccineum||Pyrethum Daisy||The Chrysanthemum is used as an insecticide, especially against bookworms|
|C Frutescens||Marguerite||The Chrysanthemum is ideal for decoration and cultivation|
|C Sizzle Salmon||-||Ideal for flower exhibitions|
A good book on gardening would be a good investment if you are seriously interested in growing Chrysanthemum or other flowers. View books on gardening
Do you love chrysanthemum flower photos? Click here for Chrysanthemum Photos.