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Botany is all about the study of plants and how they live. Although it is not necessary to be a botany expert in order to be a good gardener, it definitely does help to know the basics. Gardening is usually a long-term project; the more people take care of their gardens, the better the plants grow. Some of the most important things for gardening is to understand the plant life cycle and what plants need to survive. Keep reading to get started with all you need to know about making a terrific garden!
While most plants differ from each other, most of them do have basic common parts. This includes the roots that draw water and nutrients, and the stem that distributes them through the plant. There are also leaves that turn the sun’s energy into a type of plant food, in a process called photosynthesis. We also see flowers, which are the reproductive parts, and fruit, which contain and protect the seeds.
Seeds are likely the most important part of the plant. Without them, there would be no new plants! Some seeds are transferred through wind or water, while others are passed around through birds and animals. The seeds slowly sprout, or germinate, growing roots and the beginnings of a new plant. The basic things that a plant needs to survive are water, nutrients (found in the soil), carbon dioxide, and sunlight. When a plant is mature, birds and insects once again help by transferring pollen from one plant to another and allowing them to reproduce. This process is called pollination.
Horticulture is the practice of growing plants for use by humans. This includes cultivating fruits, vegetables, herbs, and flowers. Gardening is a simpler way to think about horticulture. Depending on the plants that are being grown, there are many different methods and techniques that can be used. For example, some plants like lavender need a dry, sandy soil and lots of sun, while other plants need moist soil and some shade. Gardening techniques also vary according to the local climate and growing conditions. Plants that may thrive in tropical areas would normally need more watering if they are planted in dry regions.
The first step of gardening is to find a good location for the plants. It should have enough sunshine or shade, depending on the plant. Next, fill the area with nutrient-rich soil. Try adding some gravel to increase the air flow and drainage in the soil. Next, plant the seeds and water them regularly. Adding mulch can help to reduce evaporation. As the plant starts to grow, add fertilizer and support sticks to help it grow tall and strong!
Although plants are usually grown in soil, hydroponics is a method of growing plants without any soil! Instead, the plants are grown in water or even sand and gravel beds. Of course, since there is no soil, additional nutrients have to be manually added. Using hydroponics is a great way to grow a garden without having to worry about digging and fertilizing the soil. Another reason that people like using hydroponics is because it tends to result in bigger plants that grow faster. This is in part because the plants constantly have ready access to their water and nutrients.
To start planting a hydroponic garden, the first step is to typically choose an appropriate container. A dark plastic pot or box is usually best since it prevents algae growth in the water. Instead of only adding ordinary water, gardeners should add nutrients and fertilizer as well. As long as the nutrients are present, the plants can absorb them whether it is in soil or water. It is also important to make sure that the water is well oxygenated. Next, add the plants or seedlings and place the pot in a sunny spot. Regularly monitor it and add more water and nutrients when necessary.
Written by:Betty Miller