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Bonsai is the art of aesthetic miniaturisation of trees and plants in containers. In Japanese a Bonsai, means tray-planted. A bonsai plant is not a dwarf plant but equal to the full sized flowering plant. The main objective of bonsai plants is to create a tree or plant, and even landscapes, in miniature. The flowering perennials grown as bonsais are called as Flowering Bonsais.
Flowering Bonsai plant need feeding, watering, pruning and training at regular interwals for its healthy growth. The bonsais are grown in small containers to get a desired shape by the application of wire coils. The three most essential aspects to be considered when we go for a bonsai are - 1) the selection of containers, 2) the position of the plant in the container, and 3) the choice of the plant variety.
Within the bonsais, there are four sizes of flowering bonsais: miniature, small, medium, and average. Miniature bonsais range grow to 2 inches in height, maturing in about five years. Small bonsai are from 2-6 inches, and take 5-10 years years to mature, and Medium bonsai are from 6-12 inches, and an average bonsai trees grow to 2 feet; both these can be produced in about three years time.
There are two basic styles of growing bonsai flowering plants. They are:
1) The Classic style (Koten): This type of bonsais have wider trunk at the base and tapers off towards the top.
2) The Informal or Comic style (Bunjin): The comic style is just the opposite of classic where the top end is wider than the trunk.
Some of the flowering Bonsai trees popular with bonsai growers are: Bonsai Anthurium, Japanese Wisteria Bonsai Tree, Dwarf Pomegranate, Bonsai Japanese Maples, Japanese Flowering Quince Bonsai Tree, Dwarf yellow Flowering Jasmine, Flowering White Serissa Bonsai Tree, Tree of a Thousand Stars, Rhododendron Bonsai Tree, Wine Grape Bonsai Tree, Orange Jasmine, Desert Rose Bonsai Tree, Flowering Apricot, Surinam Cherry Bonsai Tree, Mimosa Bonsai Tree, Tamarind Bonsai Tree, Lavender Star Flower Bonsai Tree, Bonsai Gardenia (jasminoides radicans), Dwarf Black Olive, Azalea Bonsai Tree (Indica Duc de Rohan), Flowering Camellia Bonsai Tree, etc.