The Purple Violet was approved as the Illinois State Flower on January 21, 1908. There are eight species of Violets, which are grouped in the category of the Purple Violets. Purple Violets are native perennial plants with the leaves and flowers emerging directly from the rhizomes, and forming a basal rosette.
There are over 20 genera in the Violet, Violacea, family and hundreds of species in the genus Viola. The Purple Violet plants are often highly variable and hybrids are numerous sometimes making identifying to the species level very difficult. Among these species.
The Purple Violet flowers are about 3/4 inches across, and consist of 5 rounded petals. There are 2 upper petals, 2 lateral petals with white hairs near the throat of the Purple Violet flower. The lower petal functions as a landing pad for visiting insects. The inner throat of each Purple Violet flower is more or less white, from which slightly darker veins radiate outward along the petals (particularly the lower one). The style on the Purple Violet flower is 2mm long, truncate and triangular at apex. Each Purple Violet flower has 5 sepals, which are 9mm long and 3mm broad. The sepals are mostly glabrous or very sparsely pubescent, with the topmost one recurved. Auricles on the Purple Violet flower are 1mm long, and rounded at the base.
- In Purple violet flowers the blooming period occurs from mid- to late spring.
- There is no noticeable floral scent in the Purple Violet flowers.
- During the summer, Purple Violet flowers produce seeds, which are flung outward by mechanical ejection from the three-parted seed capsules.
- Purple violet flowers are distributed throughout eastern North America.
- Purple violet flowers are found in a wide variety of habitats including forest, lawns, meadows, fields, and roadsides.
- Young leaves of Purple Violets are edible, and can be added to salads in small amounts.
- The Purple Violet flowers are used in making candies and jellies.
There are many online florists who deliver flowers to Illinois. You can send flowers, plants of your choice to your loved ones living in Illinois or from Illinois to other locations across the United States of America through these popular Illinois Online Florists.
The capital city of Illionois is Springfield. Illinois was admitted to statehood on December 3, 1818. The Official state flag of Illinois came into existence On July 1, 1970.
- Illinois is also called the Prairie State .
- Illinois is located at 39.781N, 089.644W.
- The state has a widely varying climate. Average yearly precipitation for Illinois varies from just over 48 inches at the southern tip to around 35 inches in the northern portion of the state.
- A normal average rainfall is seen in Illinois.
- The total land area of the state is about 57918 sq.mi.
- Border states of Illinois include Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Kentucky, Missouri, Wisconsin.
- Illinois' major industries include Agriculture (Corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products, wheat), Industry (Machinery, food processing, electric equipment, chemical products, printing and publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum, coal).
- Illinois state motto is State Sovereignty, National Union.
- Some popular Universities of Illinois are Benedictine University, Bradley University, Chicago State University, DePaul University, Eastern Illinois University, Illinois College, Illinois Institute of Technology, Illinois State University,etc.
- Illinois is the sixth most populous state in the country, with almost 11.5 million people.
- The Lincoln sites in Springfield are among the best known tourist sites in the world.
- The Sears Tower, located in Chicago, was the world's tallest building from 1973 until 1996. It covers two city blocks and rises one-quarter mile above the ground.
- Points of interest in the state are: Art Institute of Chicago, Field Museum, Museum of Science and Industry, Shedd Aquarium, Adler Planetarium, Brookfield Zoo, Sears Tower.