The Yucca glauca was adopted as the New Mexico State Flower on March 14, 1927. Yucca is a symbol of sturdiness as well as beauty. The genus Yucca consists of 40-50 species of perennials, shrubs, and trees in the family Agavaceae. Yucca's characteristic feature is the presence of rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal clusters of whitish flowers. Yucca plants are grown as ornamental plants in gardens.
Yucca produces a large stalk of white or purplish blossoms. Yucca flowers are pendulous (bell shaped) and greenish white. Yucca flowers grow 6-7 cm long in a narrow panicle. Inflorescence in Yucca is glabrous, 50 cm high, and racemose. The Scape is 35 cm, starting from between the leaves.
Common names of Yucca glauca are small Soapweed, Great Plains yucca, Soapweed yucca, beargrass, yucca, Spanish bayonet.
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- Yuccas are native to the hot and dry parts of North America, Central America, and the West Indies.
- Yucca flower plant has a short stem, with one large rosette and two small rosettes starting from the rhizomes.
- Yucca flower plant is a hardy, evergreen shrub growing to 1.5m by 0.5m.
- Yucca flower plant has leaves through out the year and flowers from July to August.
- The scented Yucca flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by hand.
- The fragrance of the Yucca flowers is most pronounced at night.
- Yucca flower plants serve as the architectural foliage plants for dry, sunny borders.
- The leaves of yucca flower plant are usually stiff and spearlike, often with marginal threads.
- The Yucca moth pollinates the flowers by transfering the pollen from the stamens of one plant to the stigma of another, and at the same time lays an egg in the flower.
- The developing larva eats some of the developing seeds of the plant.
- Most parts of the Yucca plant are edible, like fruits, seeds, flowers, flowering stems, and more rarely roots.
- The roots of yucca flower plants are rich in saponins and can be used as a soap substitute.
- Yucca fruits are gray-green, large 42 mm thick and 75 mm long.
- The remarkable flower-spikes, 6 feet or more high, appear when plants are five or more years old.
The capital city of New Mexico is Santa Fe. New Mexico was admitted to statehood on January 6, 1912. The official state flag of New Mexico was chosen from a flag competition in 1920.
- New Mexico is the southwestern state in the United States of America.
- New Mexico is located between 35.678N, 105.954W.
- Border States are Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah.
- Economy of the state depends on Agriculture: Cattle, dairy products, hay, nursery stock, chilies; and Industry: Electric equipment, petroleum and coal products, food processing, printing and publishing, stone, glass, and clay products, tourism.
- Dinosaur Fossils Found in New Mexico Ex;- Alamosaurus, Coelophysis, Kritosaurus, Nothronychus, Parasaurolophus, Pentaceratops, Revueltosaurus, Rioarribasaurus, Seismosaurus, Torosaurus, Triceratops, Tyrannosaurus.
- Santa Fe is the highest capital city in the United States at 7,000 feet above sea level.
- The Palace of Governors in Santa Fe, built in 1610, is one of the oldest public buildings in America.
- Minerals are the state's richest natural resource, and New Mexico is one of the U.S. leaders in output of uranium and potassium salts.
- Petroleum, natural gas, copper, gold, silver, zinc, lead, and molybdenum also contribute heavily to the state's income.
- Since 1945, New Mexico has been a leader in energy research and development with extensive experiments conducted at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.
- New Mexico has one of the greatest concentrations of young, well-exposed, and uneroded volcanoes on the continent.
- Tourist attractions include the Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Inscription Rock at El Morro National Monument, the ruins at Fort Union, Billy the Kid mementos at Lincoln, the White Sands and Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monuments, Bandelier National Monument.