Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is the official Pennsylvania State Flower. The Mountain Laurel is perhaps the most beautiful of native American shrubs. Mountain Laurel, a Wildflower, is also the state flower of Connecticut. The Mountain Laurel plant was originally brought to Europe as an ornamental plant during the 18th century. Mountain Laurel is widely grown for its attractive flowers.


When the mountain laurel blooms, Pennsylvania's woodlands are filled with its distinctive pink flower. Mountain Laurel flowers are star-shaped, ranging in color from red to pink to white, and occurring in clusters.

Mountain Laurel bloom between May and June.The Mountain Laurel flower stamens have a mechanism to eject pollen when tripped by a bee.The Mountain Laurel flowers have 5 Regular Parts and are up to 2.5cm wide. Mountain Laurel flowers are pink, sometimes white. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into early summer. The Mountain Laurel flowers bloom in showy clusters.

Mountain Laurel flowers are also called Ivybush, Calico Bush, Spoonwood, Sheep Laurel, Lambkill and Clamoun.The Mountain Laurel flower was designated as the State Flower of Connecticut by the General Assembly in 1907. The Mountain Laurel plant is naturally found on rocky slopes and in mountainous forest areas.

There are many online florists who deliver flowers to Pennsylvania. You can send flowers, plants of your choice to your loved ones living in Pennsylvania or from Pennsylvania to other locations across the United States of America through these popular Pennsylvania Online Florists.

Mountain Laurel and other Laurels have poisonous leaves, which may be grazed by hungry livestock. Milk produced by cows that eat the leaves may be poison as may honey produced by bees that visit the flowers.
  • Mountain Laurel is a flowering plant in the family Ericaceae, native to the eastern USA, from southern Maine to northern Florida, and west to Indiana and Louisiana.
  • The name Calico-bush comes from the pink-trimmed waxy white blossoms.
  • The mountain laurel flowers are borne on one-inch pedicels and produced in terminal clusters or corymbs four to six inches across.
  • When the campanulate flowers open, the corollas appear as five-sided, white, inverted parasols about an inch across with pink dots and a wavy pink line in the center.
  • The ten stamens in each flower have anthers buried in individual pockets in the corolla completing the illusion of parasols with dainty ribs.
  • The Mountain Laurel flower buds are conical, fluted and deeper pink.
  • The Mountain Laurel plant can grow to 30-feet in width and 10-feet in height.
  • The Mountain laurel plant leaves yellow-green and alternate, with each leaf shiny and entire. The leaves are 3-12 cm long and 1-4 cm wide.
  • All parts of the plant are poisonous.
  • The Mountain laurel plant was first recorded in America in 1624, but it was named after Pehr Kalm, who sent samples in the 18th century.
  • Mountain Laurel has a thin, long, dark-reddish brown bark that have narrow ridges and scales.
  • Spectacular floral displays are the hallmark of this shrub.
  • Mountain laurel wood is relatively strong and has been used by artisans to make tobacco pipes and furniture, such as end tables and small chairs.
  • The plant is also long-lived and can be active for up to 100 years. The Mountain Laurel Fruit is a brown, five celled capsule about 6mm (.25") wide, which is seen in Rocky woods.
  • Spectacular floral displays are the hallmark of this shrub.

There are 5 important varieties of Mountain Laurel viz.,

  • var. alba Bosse - White Mountain-laurel.
  • var. fuscata Rehd. - Branded Mountain-laurel.
  • var. laevipes Vern. - Smooth Mountain-laurel.
  • var. latifolia - Mountain-laurel.
  • var. rubra Sweet - Pink Mountain-laurel.

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The Capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania gained statehood on December 12, 1787. The Pennsylvania State Flag became the official state flag in 1799, a banner fringed in gold with the Coat of Arms embroidered on a field of blue.

  • Geographically Pennsylvania is positioned between New England, the Appalachians, and the Great Lakes.
  • Pennsylvania is situated between Longitude: 74-43' West to 80-31' West, Latitude: 39 43' North to 42 North.
  • Pennsylvania is bordered by New York, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and New Jersey. Pennsylvania meets Ohio and an arm of West Virginia on the West.
  • Pennsylvania means Penn's woodland, named after William Penn.
  • The total area of Pennsylvania is 46,058 square miles. [Pennsylvania is the 33rd biggest state in the USA]
  • Major Industries of Pennsylvania are steel, farming (corn, oats, soybeans, mushrooms), mining (iron, portland cement, lime, stone), electronics equipment, cars, pharmaceuticals.
  • The state's nickname is Keystone State.
  • Pennsylvania is well known for its quality wood products such as furniture, sheds, gazebos and play sets.
  • Pennsylvania covers 46,058 square miles, making it the 33rd largest of the 50 US states.
  • Independence National Historical Park is the most popular, Valley Forge National Historical Park, Gettysburg National Military Park, Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area are the popular tourist spots.
  • Dinosaur Fossils Found in Pennsylvania include - Atreipus (fossilized footprints)
  • The Pennsylvania State University, Portland State University, Princeton University, Purdue University Main Campus are some of the famous Universities.
  • The University of Pennsylvania is America's first university.